The panics and depressions of 1873 and 1893 during the gilded age

Causes[ edit ] One of the causes for the Panic of can be traced back to Argentina. The gold supply had dropped and the federal government reduced the number of dollars that were printed. With the depression, ambitious railroad building programs crashed across the South, leaving most states deep in debt and burdened with heavy taxes.

Panic of 1893

Britain[ edit ] The construction of the Suez Canalwhich opened inwas one of the causes of the Panic ofbecause goods from the Far East had been carried in sailing vessels around the Cape of Good Hope and were stored in British warehouses.

It came at the end of a series of economic setbacks: In response, German immigrant groups organized their own armed militia. It is estimated that 2.

After the completion of the transcontinental Union Pacific Railroad inbusinessmen and politicians immediately clamored for another, to be called the Northern Pacific.

The number of foreclosures and bankruptcies increased. Illinois advanced to the United States Supreme Court, and brought the concerns of westerners and southerners at the margins of national economic development to the forefront of political debate.

The effects of the panic were quickly felt in New York, and more slowly in Chicago, Virginia City, Nevada where silver mining was activeand San Francisco. This was followed by the bankruptcy of many other companies; in total over 15, companies and banks, many of them in the West, failed.

Bryan's sensational oration placed Chicago, Illinois at the top of the news that day. There were runs on state banks, leading to foreclosures and bankruptcies. With apologies to Gertrude Stein, it is not true that a bank is a bank is a bank.

Chancellor Bismarck gradually veered away from classical liberal economic policies in the s, embracing many conservative and progressive policies, including high tariffs, nationalization of railroads, and compulsory social insurance.

The French also attempted to deal with their economic problems through the implementation of tariffs. One by one, each Southern state fell to the Democrats, and the Republicans lost power.

Many investors had speculated heavily in railroad securities. Within a year of the crash over railroads went into receivership. Poor economic conditions caused voters to turn against the Republican Party.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.The Panic of was a serious economic depression in the United States that began in and ended in It deeply affected every sector of the economy, and produced political upheaval that led to the realigning election of and the presidency of William McKinley.

Summary and Definition of Panic of Definition and Summary: The Panic of during the 'Gilded Age' and was a financial crisis that triggered a depression that lasted for four years leading to economic hardships, civil unrest, demonstrations and labor action such as the Pullman crisis led to the national unemployment rate approaching 20%.

Start studying APUSH Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Lee at Appomattox Court House, which ended the Civil War; during presidency several scams passed through Congress; the Panic of (over speculation) came about in his reign "The Gilded Age".

The allusion to the Gilded Age derives from the title and tenor of Mark Twain and Charles Warner’s tome of the first of the banking panics, a period of gross materialism and blatant political corruption during.

The Panics and Depressions of 1873 and 1893 During the Gilded Age

A summary of the financial panics which periodically devastated the American economy throughout the 19th century. A frenzied crowd on Broad Street in New York City during the Panic of Hulton Archive/Getty Images History & Culture.

American History The Gilded Age The depression set off by the Panic of was the greatest. The period after Reconstruction, the last few decades of the nineteenth century, was known as the ” Gilded Age,” a term coined by Mark Twain in The Gilded Age was a period of transformation in the economy, technology, government, and social customs of America.

The panics and depressions of 1873 and 1893 during the gilded age
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